Maundy Thursday and Good Friday Notes 2004

Introductions and suggested resources for Maundy Thursday and Good Friday services.

Passion Week
John 13:1-17; Mark 15:25-32
Howard Vanderwell and Norma de Waal Malefyt

 

Worship during Passion Week is vital to the nurture of our faith and the honor we show to God, but preferences differ on which day to worship. Some offer daily worship opportunities during Passion Week; some prefer Maundy Thursday; others prefer Good Friday. Here we provide resources for both Maundy Thursday and Good Friday.

MAUNDY THURSDAY

Introduction

When the church worships on Maundy Thursday, it remembers the last evening that Christ spent with his disciples in the upper room. Three major events make up this evening: he washed the disciple's feet, he instituted the Lord's Supper, and he gave them the "new" commandment to love one another. The name of this day comes from the last of these. "Maundy" comes from the Latin “mandatum novum," referring to the "new commandment" Jesus gave his disciples in John 13:34.

In some traditions, worship on Maundy Thursday involves foot washing. And always on Maundy Thursday, the Lord's Supper is the central part of worship. There are many rich dimensions of meaning in the Lord's Supper that are fitting for this occasion, such as Christ's preparation for his death, his call to communal love, and his clear sense of anticipation of his coming kingdom.

If Maundy Thursday is your only time of worship during Holy Week it should also call attention to the events of Good Friday, including Jesus' trial, crucifixion, and resulting death and burial.

You will find helpful worship planning resources for Maundy Thursday in The Worship Sourcebook, pages 593-603. You will also find archived services for Maundy Thursday that we have provided in previous years—"Holy Week 2003" and "Holy Week 2004" (click on "Resources" and "Holy Week").

Sermon Notes:

In keeping with the Lenten series of messages that we have been presenting, we suggest a sermon on the John 13 passage.

Sermon: "Were You There in the Upper Room When He Washed Their Feet?"
Scripture: John 13:1-17

The Scripture passage could be read very effectively by three readers—a narrator, Peter, and Jesus. Different voices for different persons in the event will make the reading "come alive" for listeners.

The sermon for this event easily lends itself to a narrative message. You can ask your listeners to come upstairs with you to make a visit to this upper room. You can use your biblical imagination to describe the neighborhood, the room, and the atmosphere in the room. There is some confusion in the room among the disciples. They don't quite know what to expect from Jesus, or just what the days ahead will involve, and what their role should be. The evening begins with a surprise from Jesus—a foot-washing from the person they least expected to do it. On Jesus' part, however, there is no confusion. He is very clear about his purpose, about what the evening will involve, about his need to confront Judas, warn Peter, and go to Gethsemane.

Draw your listeners into the commemoration of the Passover—the remembrance of the journey out of Egypt, the blessings pronounced, the cups of wine that are shared, and the washing of hands. What pain it must have involved for Christ for expose Judas as a betrayer in the midst of the Passover!

Then zero in on the foot-washing scene, which was apparently part of the Passover celebration. The pitcher, towel, basins, water are all there. The disciples are stunned when Jesus begins. The dialogue with Peter is typical of their resistance to this. What must have gone through their minds as they saw Jesus strip down to the robe of a slave, take the towel and tie it around his waist, and approach their feet? Did no one except Peter dare say anything? Did anybody reciprocate and wash Jesus' feet?

We can think of many reasons why this should NOT have happened this way. But why did it happen? Jesus was teaching them (us) about greatness. The disciples were caught up in being competitive and self-seeking at times, and they needed to learn the new definition of greatness (see Matt. 20:20-28 and Luke 9:46-48). Jesus was also trying to instill some humility in them. He was living out Philippians 2:6-8 before them, and that's why he spoke the words of John 13:13-17 to them.

If we had been there, how would we have reacted? What would we have said?

Music Notes:

Song Suggestions:

     ”A New Commandment” SNC 134, WOV 664
     "Meekness and Majesty" RN 158, SNC 109
     "Make Me a Channel of Your Peace" PsH 545
     "Jesu, Jesu, Fill Us with Your Love" PH 367, PsH 601, RN 289, SFL 251, TWC 436, UMH 432, WOV 765
     “Lord, Whose Love in Humble Service” PsH 603, RN 286
     "May the Mind of Christ My Savior" PsH 291, RN 285, TH 644, TWC 560
     "Were You There?" PH 102, PsH 377, SFL 167, TH 260, TWC 218
          1. "Were you there when they crucified my Lord?"
          2. "Were you there when he knelt to wash their feet?"
          3. "Are you here to serve others in Christ's name?"

SATB Anthem Suggestions:

  • Music, David W. An Upper Room with Evening Lamps Ashine. Augsburg Fortress 11-10068 [1989] (E-M).
  • Nagy, Russell. In the Upper Room. High Street Music JH514 [1990] (E-M).

Instrumental Suggestions:

CHEREPONI [“Jesu, Jesu, Fill Us with Your Love”]
Handbells:

  • McChesney, Kevin. Jesu, Jesu, Fill Us with Your Love. Augsburg 11-10985 [1999] (2-4 octaves, level 2).

PLEADING SAVIOR [“Lord, Whose Love in Humble Service”]
Organ:

  • Burkhardt, Michael. Seven Hymn Improvisations and Free Accompaniments, set 1. Morningstar MSM-10-847 [1992] (E-M).
  • Callahan, Charles. Six Meditations on American Folk Hymns. Concordia 97-6140 [1992] (E-M).
  • Haan, Raymond H. Be Present Now. Morningstar MSM-10-566 [2004] (E-M).
  • Harris, David S. Ten Hymn Preludes in Trio Style, set 2. H.W. Grey GB643 [1978] (E).

TEMPLE [“Make Me a Channel of Your Peace”]
Piano:

  • Carter, John. Contemporary Hymns & Songs for Piano/4 Hands. Hope 8087 [2000] (E-M).

Handbells:

  • Wagner, Douglas E. Make Me a Channel of Your Peace. Agape 2064 [1998] (3-5 octaves, level 2).

WERE YOU THERE PH 102, PsH 377, SFL 167, TH 260, TWC 218, UMH 288
Organ:

  • Callahan, Charles. A Lenten Suite. Morningstar MSM-10-312 [1991] (E-M).
  • Cherwien, David. Seasonal Interpretations Lent-Easter. Summa SP-112 [1998] (E-M).
  • Diemer, Emma Lou (1975). Augsburg Organ Library – Lent. Augsburg 11-11036 [2000] (E-M).
  • Diemer, Emma Lou. Celebration. Augsburg 11-9097 [1975] (E-M).
  • Page, Anna Laura. Come, Thou Fount of Every Blessing. Boardman 4570-46 [1981] (E).
  • Purvis, Richard. Eleven Pieces for the Church Organ. MCA Music 03257-068 [1957] (M).
  • Stearns, Peter Pindar. Eight Hymn Preludes for Lent. Flammer HF-5133 [1985] (E-M).
  • Wood, Dale. Wood Works. SMP KK357 [1986] (E-M).
  • Young, Gordon. Hymn Preludes for the Church Service. Flammer 4188 [1964] (E).

Piano:

  • Boertje, Barbara. Piano Improvisations for the Church Year. Unity 70/1194U [1998] (M).
  • Carter, John. The Wondrous Cross. Hope 1747 [1994] (E-M).
  • Wilhelmi, Teresa. Hymns . . . Light Jazz Style. Word 301 0136 315 [1997] (E-M).

Handbells:

  • McChesney, Kevin. Were You There. Lorenz HB-363 [1991] (3-5 octaves, E-M).

Glossary of Hymnal Abbreviations:

PH        The Presbyterian Hymnal (Presbyterian Church USA; Westminster/John Knox Press)
PsH      The Psalter Hymnal (Christian Reformed Church; Faith Alive Christian Resources)
RL        Rejoice in the Lord (Reformed Church in America; W.B. Eerdmans Publishing Company)
RN        Renew! (Hope Publishing Company)
SFL      Songs for LiFE (children's songbook; Faith Alive Christian Resources)
SNC     Sing! A New Creation (Calvin Institute of Christian Worship, Christian Reformed Church,
            Reformed Church in America; Faith Alive Christian Resources)
TH        Trinity Hymnal (Orthodox Presbyterian Church, Presbyterian Church in America; Great
            Commission Publications)
TWC     The Worshiping Church (Hope Publishing Company)
UMH     The United Methodist Hymnal (United Methodist Publishing House)
WOV    With One Voice (Augsburg Fortress)

 

GOOD FRIDAY

Introduction

This Friday is called "good" because Jesus' death provides redemption for the world. We gather at the cross to remember his sorrow and give thanks.

Churches have a long history of worship on Good Friday. In some traditions, worship occurred during the afternoon hours of 12:00 to 3:00 p.m., the hours of darkness while Christ was on the cross. In others, worship occurs Friday evening. Either way, worship on this day usually includes the reading of the account of Christ's passion and death. Sometimes it is structured along the lines of the seven last words of Christ from the cross, or a series of readings from the entire passion story, or a service of Tenebrae in which increasing darkness in the worship space or the extinguishing of candles reminds us of the deepening shadows of suffering that Jesus experienced. Good Friday worship is always somber worship because of this narrative that we remember.

Historically, Good Friday worship drew on three themes: (1) recalling the events of Jesus' suffering and death, (2) opening up the meaning of these events and increasing our understanding of the grace of God, the atonement for sin, and the redemption made available, and (3) deepening our devotion and love for Christ who paid the ultimate price for us and our salvation.

Many traditions include the Lord's Supper in their Good Friday worship so that we participate in his body and blood as we focus on his dying and remember that it was for us.

You will find helpful worship resources for Good Friday in The Worship Sourcebook, pages 605-623. You will also find archived services for Good Friday, including Tenebrae worship, that we have provided in previous years—"Holy Week 2003" and "Holy Week 2004" (click on "Resources" and "Holy Week").

Sermon Notes:

In this sermon we ask worshipers to stand before the cross and assimilate the significance of what has happened there.

Sermon: "Were You There at the Cross When He Died?"
Scripture: Mark 15:23-32

One of the most sacred, and intensely private, moments of life is to be present when someone dies. Worship on Good Friday is that kind of a sacred and private moment.

Yet as we stand here at the cross, we discover that this very private moment is a very public spectacle. Jesus' journey through the streets of the city as he carried his cross attracted crowds. The same is true of his crucifixion—crowds and religious leaders milling around, some of them participating in the perverse "fun" of jeering him! The abuse that he received during his trial continues here (see Mark 15:25-32).

Yet, observers of his death must admit there is much here that cannot be seen. The seven last words, the quiet composure with which he endured his suffering, the mysterious hours of darkness, and the earthquake with its repercussions all combine to shout to us that this was a death of epic significance. These are clearly the six hours that have shaped the world and in which our redemption has been accomplished.

Our testimony to having experienced that gift and received its benefits moves us to the Lord's Table to "proclaim his death" until he comes again.

Music Notes:

Song Suggestions:

     "Ah, Holy Jesus, How Have You Offended" PH 93, PsH 386, RL 285, RN 183, TH 248, TWC 231, UMH 289
     "Kyrie Eleison/Lord Have Mercy upon Us" PsH 258, RL 566, SFL 43, TWC 821
     “Kyrie” SNC 50, WOV 601
     “Kyrie” RN 86, SNC 52, WOV 602
     “Lamb of God” SNC 253
     "O Christ, the Lamb of God" PsH 257
     "O Sacred Head, Now Wounded" PH 98, PsH 383, RL 300, RN 235, TH 247, TWC 221, UMH 286
      "Were You There?" PH 102, PsH 377, SFL 167, TH 260, TWC 218, UMH 288
          1. "Were you there when they crucified my Lord?"
          2. "Were you there when they nailed him to the tree?"
          3. "Were you there when they laid him in the tomb?"
     "Jesus, Remember Me" PsH 217, RN 227, SFL 168, SNC 143, TWC 822, UMH 488, WOV 740
     "Beneath the Cross of Jesus" PH 92, RL 310, TH 251, TWC 216, UMH 297
     "What Wondrous Love" PH 85, PsH 379, RN 277, SFL 169, TH 261, TWC 212, UMH 292
     "When I Survey the Wondrous Cross" PH 100, PsH 384, RN 292, SFL 166, TH 252, TWC 213, UMH 298

SATB Anthem Suggestions:

  • Christiansen, F. Melius. Lamb of God. Augsburg 11-0133 [1933] (E).
  • Courtney, Craig. Thy Will Be Done. Beckenhorst BP1263 [1985] (E-M).
  • Ferguson, John. Ah, Holy Jesus. Morningstar MSM-503012 [1991] (M-D).
  • Harlan, Benjamin. Saw Ye My Savior? Hinshaw HMC 982 [1988].
  • Hayes, Mark. Lenten Song. Hinshaw HMC-835 [1986] (M).
  • Laubengayer, Paul. Surely He Has Borne Our Griefs . Morningstar MSM-50-3025 [1993] (E-M).
  • Lotti, Antonio. Surely He Has Borne Our Griefs. Ludwig L-1203 [1983] (E-M).
  • Martin, Gilbert M. When I Survey the Wondrous Cross. Presser 312-40785 [1970] (E-M).
  • Mozart, Wolfgang. Ave Verum. Belwin GCMR 03147 (E-M).
  • Nagy, Russell. Heavy. High Street JH552 (1998) (E-M).
  • Parker, Alice/Shaw Robert. 'Tis Finished. Schirmer 9944 [1951] (E).
  • Schutte, Dan, arr. Bob Harrold. Holy Darkness. OCP 9906 [1993] (E-M).
  • Sjolund, Paul. My Jesus, I Love Thee. Hinshaw HMC-935 [1987] (E-M).

Instrumental Suggestions:

HAMBURG [“When I Survey the Wondrous Cross”]
Organ:

  • Burkhardt, Michael. Five Lenten Hymn Improvisations. Morningstar MSM-10-309 [1990] (E-M).
  • Cherwien, David. Lamb of God. Morningstar MSM-10-302 [1989] (E-M).
  • Krapf, Gerhard. Sing and Rejoice, vol. 1. SMP KK234 [1978] (E, adaptable to piano).
  • McKinley, Carl. Ten Hymn Fantasies. H.W. Grey GB274 (POP) [1933] (E-M).

Piano:

  • Carter, John. Easy Hymns for 4 Hands. Hope 8146 [2002] (E-M).
  • Carter, John. The Wondrous Cross. Hope 1747 [1994] (E-M).
  • Schubert, Myra. Give Him Praise. Lillenas MB-511 [1983] (D).

Handbells:

  • Kauffmann, Ronald. When I Survey the Wondrous Cross. Agape 1226 [1986] (3-5 octaves, E).

HERZLICH TUT MICH VERLANGEN/PASSION CHORALE/ACH HERR, MICH ARMEN SÜNDER [“O Sacred Head, Now Wounded”]
Organ:

  • Brahms, Johannes. Eleven Chorale Preludes (ed. West). Schirmer 2091 (M).
  • Burkhardt, Michael. Five Lenten Hymn Improvisations. Morningstar MSM-10-309 [1990] (E-M).
  • Cherwien, David. Seasonal Interpretations Lent-Easter. Summa SP-112 [1998] (M).
  • Haan, Raymond H. Passacaglia on the Passion Chorale. SMP SM59 [1986] (M).
  • Johnson, David N. Easy Trios. Augsburg 11-9291 [1969] (E-M).
  • Manz, Paul. God of Grace. Morningstar MSM-10-599 [2004] (M-D).
  • Pachelbel, Johann. Selected Organ Works, vol. 4.Barenreiter 1016 (E-M, adaptable to piano).

Piano:

  • Carter, John. The Wondrous Cross. Hope 1747 [1994] (E-M).
  • Gerig, Reginald. Piano Preludes on Hymns and Chorales. Hope 251 [1959] (M).
  • Wyrtzen, Don. Don Wyrtsen Piano. Hope 1711 [1994] (M).

Handbells:

  • Wagner, Douglas E. Prelude on Passion Chorale. SMP S-HB49 [1988] (3-4 octaves, M).

HERZLIEBSTER JESU [“Ah, Holy Jesus, How Have You Offended”]
Organ:

  • Behnke, John A. Road to Calvary. Concordia 97-7072 [2004] (E).
  • Brahms, Johannes. Eleven Chorale Preludes (ed. West). Schirmer 2091 (M).
  • Clarke, Andrew. Chorale Prelude on Ah, Holy Jesus. Morningstar MSM-10-310 [1991] (E-M).
  • Held, Wilbur. A Suite of Passion Hymn Settings. Concordia 97-4843 [1967] (E-M).
  • Krapf, Gerhard. Sing and Rejoice, vol. 1. SMP KK234 [1978] (E, adaptable to piano).
  • Leupold, A.W. An Organ Book. Chantry Music Press [1960] (E-M).
  • Walcha, H. Chorale Preludes, bk. 1. Peters 4850 (E).
  • Young, Gordon. Hymn Preludes for the Church Service. Flammer 4188 [1964] (E).

Handbells:

  • Berns, Susan Ullom. Ah, Holy Jesus. Lorenz HB273-3 [1989] (3-4 octaves, E-M).

Alternative Harmonization for Organ:                                

  • Burkhardt, Michael. As Though the Whole Creation Cried. Morningstar MSM-10-555 [2001].
  • Ferguson, John. Hymn Harmonizations for Organ, bk. 2. Ludwig O-07 [1983].

ST. CHRISTOPHER [“Beneath the Cross of Jesus”]
Organ:

  • Cherwien, David. Lamb of God. Morningstar MSM-10-302 [1989] (E-M).

Piano:

  • Medema, Ken. Sanctuary. Genevox 4181-16 [1989] (M).

Handbells:

  • Kinyon, Barbara Baltzer. Beneath the Cross of Jesus. Beckenhorst HB122 [1992] (3-5 octaves, M).
  • Kinyon, Barbara. Lenten Bells. Agape 1423 [1990] (2-3 octaves, level 3).

WERE YOU THERE PH 102, PsH 377, SFL 167, TH 260, TWC 218, UMH 288
Organ:

  • Callahan, Charles. A Lenten Suite. Morningstar MSM-10-312 [1991] (E-M).
  • Cherwien, David. Seasonal Interpretations Lent-Easter. Summa SP-112 [1998] (E-M).
  • Diemer, Emma Lou (1975). Augsburg Organ Library – Lent. Augsburg 11-11036 [2000] (E-M).
  • Diemer, Emma Lou. Celebration. Augsburg 11-9097 [1975] (E-M).
  • Page, Anna Laura. Come, Thou Fount of Every Blessing. Boardman 4570-46 [1981] (E).
  • Purvis, Richard. Eleven Pieces for the Church Organ. MCA Music 03257-068 [1957] (M).
  • Stearns, Peter Pindar. Eight Hymn Preludes for Lent. Flammer HF-5133 [1985] (E-M).
  • Wood, Dale. Wood Works. SMP KK357 [1986] (E-M).
  • Young, Gordon. Hymn Preludes for the Church Service. Flammer 4188 [1964] (E).

Piano:

  • Boertje, Barbara. Piano Improvisations for the Church Year. Unity 70/1194U [1998] (M).
  • Carter, John. The Wondrous Cross. Hope 1747 [1994] (E-M).
  • Wilhelmi, Teresa. Hymns . . . Light Jazz Style. Word 301 0136 315 [1997] (E-M).

Handbells:

  • McChesney, Kevin. Were You There. Lorenz HB-363 [1991] (3-5 octaves, E-M).

WONDROUS LOVE [“What Wondrous Love Is This”]
Organ:

  • Barber, Samuel. Wondrous Love. Schirmer 44477 [1959] (M-D).
  • Callahan, Charles. Six Meditations on American Folk Hymns. Concordia 97-6140 [1992] (E-M).
  • Cherwien, David. Interpretations, bk. 9. AMSI SP-106 [1992] (E-M).
  • Johnson, David N. Hymns Settings for Organ. Augsburg Fortress ISBN 0-8006-7498-7 [2002] (E).
  • Johnson, David N. Wondrous Love. Augsburg 11-0821 [1965] (E).
  • Manz, Paul. God of Grace. Morningstar MSM-10-599 [2004] (M).
  • Middleswarth, Jean E. Were You There. Broadman 4570-64 (POP) [1984] (E-M).
  • Phillips, Don. All Hail the Power of Jesus' Name (ed. Lyon, Sharron). Broadman 4570-31 [1976] (E).
  • Young, Gordon. Preludes on the Familiar. Fischer 0 4886 [1972] (E-M).

Piano:

  • Carter, John. Folk Hymns for Piano. Hope 240 [1987] (E-M).
  • Carter, John. The Wondrous Cross. Hope 1747 [1994] (E-M).
  • Wilhelmi, Teresa. Hymns . . . Light Jazz Style. Word 301 0136 315 [1997] (E-M).

Handbells:

  • Larson, Lloyd. What Wondrous Love. Beckenhorst HB 150 [1994] (3-5 octaves, E-M).
  • Wagner, Douglas E. What Wondrous Love. Agape 1312 [1988] (3-5 octaves, E-M).

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